Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin is known as the 'father of the revolution' for leading the Bolshevik faction that eventually overthrew the Tsar's Rule in Russia. He was a very important figure, serving as head of the Soviet Union from 1922 - 1924.

Given his significance in shaping Russia's history, it is not hard to understand that the Russian government would want to preserve his body in his own mausoleum.

The mausoleum is situated in Red Square in Russia's capital, Moscow where entry is supervised by armed guards.

His body has been held in the mausoleum since just after his death in 1924, although the mausoleum has not always been open to the public.

Since 2004 entry to the mausoleum has been granted to everyone between the hours of 10:00 - 13:00 most days (except Monday and Friday)
 
For more information visit:
www.moscow.info/red-square/lenin
Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong; known as 'Chairman Mao', was the Chairman of the Communist party of China from 1945 - 1976. He was a communist revolutioinary who expanded on Marxism and Leninism to create Maoism.
 
Chairman Mao's efforts to drive imperialism out of China led to the deaths of tens of millions of people across the country. His influence shaped the whole country and he is now remembered as one of the most important people in modern history.
 
His body is preserved in the 'Chairman Mao Memorial Hall', which can be found in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.
 
Mao himself actually wished to be cremated. Despite this, 700,000 people all worked voluntarily to build him his final resting place, which  was completed within a year of his death.
 
The mausoleum is typically open from 08:00-12:00 Tuesday-Sunday.
 
Information regarding transport to the mausoleum, as well as an etiquette guide are available at:
Ho Chi Minh
Ho Chi Minh was communist  revolutionary leader who was president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (now Northern Vietnam) between 1945 - 1969.
 
He fought for a unified communist Vietnam and was a prevalent figure in the People's Army of Vietnam as well as the Viet Cong during the Vietnam war.
 
After the war the name of the Republic of Vietnam's capital; Saigon was changed to Ho Chi Minh City in his honour.
 
His preserved body can be found in the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, which is located in Ba Dinh Square in Hanoi, Vietnam.  It was built in 1973, but the Vietnamese president was only lay to rest there in 1975 - 6 years after his death in 1969.
 
The mausoleum is open daily from 09:00 - 12:00 to the general public.
 
More information on visiting the mausoleum and the strict etiquette required to enter can be found here:
Jeremy Bentham
Jeremy Bentham, the London born 'founder of utalitarianism', was  a Jurist, Philosopher and Social Reformer who lived from 1748 - 1832.
 
he believed that "it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong"; which is reflected in his call for the abolition on the death penalty and slavery. 
 
After his death in 1832, Jeremy Bentham left instructions to have his body dissected and all of his organs removed before having his corpse permanently preserved as an 'auto-icon'.
 
This was achieved by having his skeleton preserved and redressed in his clothes along with a waxwork of his head.
 
His actual head was originally intended to adorn the skeleton, but the preservation process used to embalm it went wrong and gave him a startling appearance.  
 
The 'auto-icon' (a glass cabinet containing the skeleton and wax head) can be found in the South Cloisters of the main building of the University of Central London, England.  His head is also kept at the university inside a wooden box which has been placed on a plinth over the door to the Cloisters leading to the eastern staircase.
 
Further information on Jeremy Bentham's unusual preservation, as well as when and how to visit can be found at:
Pope John XXIII
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli became pope in 1958 when he took the name John XXIII. He reigned until his death in 1963 and was declared a Saint by the Catholic church in 2014.
 
Pope John, originally from Lombardy Italy, bypassed the traditionally required second miracle by Pope Francis and was unanymously declared a Saint by the College of Cardinals.
 
He was considered to have led a virtuous, model lifestyle and actively encouraged equal rights.  During World War II his intervention saved many Jewish lives, using his influence to prevent people from being moved to death camps and even liberating concentration camps. Today he is know as 'il Papa buono', the Italian for 'good Pope'.
 
Pope John XXIII's embalmed body can be found in St Peter's Basilica in Vatican City under the altar of St Jerome, in the basilica's central nave.
 
The Basilica is open every day from 7.00 to 19.00, April to September and from 7.00 to 18.00, October to March. 
 
More information on visiting the Basilica, the Pope's final resing place can be found at:
 
St Bernadette
Bernadette Soubirous was declared a Saint by the Catholic church in 1933.
 
At the age of 14, She had her first appirition of the Virgin Mary whilst crossing a stream with her sister at the grotto of Massabielle in Lourdes, France.
 
After a while the appirition started appearing more frequently to Bernadette, telling her to return to the place she first saw it every day for 14 days. 
 
On one of these occasions the appirition told her 'to drink of the water of the spring, to wash in it and to eat the herb that grew there,'.  To everyone's surprise the grotto was full of water when they returned.  Bernadette also claimed that the Virgin Mary had wanted a church built.  This gave rise to a series of churches and chapels being built at the site.  
 
Despite the visions facing controversy at the time, church authorities confirmed the authenticity of the apparitions in 1862.
 
Bernadette later joined the Sisters of Charity of Nevers where she stayed until her death in1879.
 
She was exhumed 30 years later and her body was discovered incorrupted; all of her organs were intact and she had not decomposed as a normal body would have.
 
Some work was undertaken to preserve the skin on her face and hands and her body is now kept in Saint Gildard Convent & Museum in Nevers, France.
 
more information can be found at:
Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos was the President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.
 
He was considered a tyrant for his behaviour in office, introducing marshall law at the end of his second elected term in order to remain in charge.
 
During his ruling he took over a lot of businesses and redistributed them to his family, as well as stealing billions from the country's treasury.
 
He took a lot of political prisoners during his ruling and was once convicted for the murder of one of his father's political rivals.
 
Ferdinand Marcos' whole family were exiled in 1986 after being overthrown by followers of Corazon Aquino, the widow of an assassinated opposition leader; Benigno Aquino.
 
His body was eventually returned to the philippines in 1993 and placed in his own and mausoleum featuring a museum of memorabilia.
 
Tours of the museum and mausoleum are available at: